There are currently almost four million people with diabetes in the UK, but there are around 500,000 other people with the disease who don’t even know they have it.
The figures were released by the Diabetes and Wellness Foundation, which also states that nine out of ten people with diabetes have type 2 diabetes, which in a number of cases is preventable.
Type 2 diabetes can lead to a variety of serious health complications, such as heart disease or stroke, according to the NHS.
Reports from the Liverpool Echo that high blood sugar can cause diabetes, and if you have high blood sugar for a long time, it can also lead to permanent damage to parts of the body such as the eyes, nerves, kidneys and blood vessels.
Two common symptoms of high blood sugar, also known as hyperglycemia, occur in the mouth. These include dry mouth and breath that smells “fruity”.
Other warning signs include increased thirst, need to urinate more frequently, and nausea or vomiting. Fatigue, blurred vision, and unintentional weight loss can also be warning signs.
The NHS also lists abdominal pain and recurring infections such as thrush, bladder infections (cystitis) and skin infections, as symptoms.
As the symptoms of high blood sugar can also be caused by undiagnosed diabetes, the NHS advises you to see a GP if this applies to you. Many people, he says, have had type 2 diabetes for years without realizing it, because the first symptoms tend to be general.
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